On occasion I have a Debtor who asks me if filing a bankruptcy will stop thier divorce or support case. When a chapter 7 or 13 bankruptcy case is filed, an automatic stay immediately goes into effect stopping all creditors from proceeding with attempts to collect from the Debtor. This automatic stay does not apply to family law matters and exceptions are carved out under Bankruptcy Code Section 362(b)(2)(A). The code specifically provides that the filing of a bankruptcy does not operate as a stay to civil action proceedings including but not limited to proceedings for the establishment of paternity and establishment or modification of an order for Domestic Support Obligation such as child support. There many other exceptions, if you have questions contact a good bankruptcy attorney.